French for "small wheel", the roulette wheel game that we see played in Monaco's Monte Carlo was first played in France back in the 17th century. Now, it is one of the most popular gambling games that originated from Europe. Below are some basic roulette rules of the game to help you.
Roulette Rules - The Game Basics
Roulette is usually played by up to eight people who play against the house represented by the croupier or dealer. The game is played by spinning the roulette wheel which has 37 slots or 38 (American roulette). The players use colored chips to make their bets and at the end of the game, the chips are exchanged for cash chips which can be converted into cash money.
According to roulette rules, the players put in their bets on numbers - from 0 to 36 in the table layout before the dealer would spin the wheel. The winners are determined by which numbered slot the ball lands. So if you bet 4 in the table layout and the ball lands on the number 4 slot of the roulette wheel, you win.
There are two basic roulette rules involved in the game.
Roulette Rule 1 - En Prison
The En Prison rule is a roulette rule that is applied only to even-money bets. Also, this roulette rule is only applied in some casinos. This roulette rule goes as follows: When the outcome of the wheel is zero, some casinos who allow this roulette rule give the player the option to either take back half of his bet or leave the bet for another spin. Thus, the term "en prison" came to be. If at the second spin, the outcome is still zero, then the player loses the bet.
Roulette Rule 2 - La Partage
The La Partage roulette rule is similar to the first roulette rule. However, in the La Partage roulette rule, the player is not allowed to leave the bet en prison for the next spin. Therefore, in this roulette rule, the player immediately loses half of his bet when the outcome of the spin is zero. This roulette rule essentially applies on the "outside" even-money bets, such as Red/Black, High/Low, or Odd/Even.
Both the La Partage and the En Prison roulette rules aim to cut the house advantage on the "even-money" bets in half. So for instance, if you bet on Red on a European roulette wheel (single zero) with both of these roulette rules applied, the house advantage of 2.7% is lowered down to 1.35%. And if you make the same bet on the American roulette wheel where the same roulette rules apply, the house advantage lowers down to 2.63% from the original high of 5.26%.